The Basic Sections of An Essay

It surprising that research papers are easier to write when they are in smaller categories. These same categories one can use to write other essay papers. Before you start to write an essay paper, you need to understand the components of an essay, article, paper, admission essay. 

Below are the smaller categories or sections of an essay. 


The most and basic sections of an essay include:

  1. Abstract
  2. Title
  3. Literature review
  4. Introduction.
  5. Results 
  6. Methods
  7. Bibliography/references
  8. Conclusion/discussion

So, let us explain the following elements in detail.


According to some students, it seems stupid to add a title as one of the most vital elements of an essay. But the fact is titles are significant when writing your research essays. For example, try to visualize the journals, articles, essays, books in the library. They usually are on the shelves and tables. These books are too many. How will you as a student know which book to pick? The only way that you will easily know the kind of book to pick is by knowing the title. If the titles do not capture your attention, you will skip them and look for another book. Titles express the significant points of your essay. So to all students, take your titles to be a serious matter.


It is the section that simplifies or summarizes your essay. Abstract basically must:

  • Confirm your objectives.
  • Explain the methods for capturing your information.
  • Condense your findings.
  • Look for research deductions.


It is the section where you put your thesis, and it rationalizes your essay. It also elucidates why your essay is very relevant. It is a section that is very crucial because it dictates the flow of your essay. You do not need to put specifics at this stage. Leave this part for the body. All you have to do for this part is to make sure that you make this section very interesting.

Literature review

It is the section that the writer focuses on the present publications that are online with the topic. It is the part where you analyze or evaluate other people’s work.


It is the section where you show how you are conducting your research, and you also put the techniques you are using to carry out your research. You must detail them sharply and also rationalize them. The person who is reading your work must have the ability to “copy” your methods and must find it easy to follow your methods when they want to perform the same experiment. Do not hesitate for once to use more paper than you expect. Logic and clarity are crucial.


Please do not include your personal opinions; make sure you put down your results but don’t elucidate them. We recommend that you use tables and graphics. This illustration will help your audience to imagine or visualize what you are passing to them. But do not just use only graphics and tables to work on your findings.


Now here you get to talk about your results and the effects. And also explain or show how it(results) connect to the thesis. You can also acquire your deductions from previous studies and connect your interpretations.


Once you finish writing these sections, your paper will now be complete. When writing this part, your part. You have to write the references in alphabetical order. The easiest way to get the bibliography is by jotting down the books or sources you are getting your information from. Jot them down as soon you are using them.


All essays will have this kind of outline, whether the essay is simple or very complex.

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